Policy research can be either a field study (primary research) or a desk study (secondary research) or both.
Generally, there are two types of policy research:
- Policy Analysis – This includes a ‘best choice of comparison’ of various policies, procedures, and strategies for the purposes of choosing the most suitable one. This method of evaluation is often used in policy formulation and when defining implementation processes and strategies.
- Policy Evaluation – Research methods are employed to determine the impact of a particular policy, program or procedure. Research assessment is introduced after the implementation of the policy or program and used to evaluate success and correct course if necessary.
Conducting Policy Analysis
Policy analysis is most commonly used when formulating policy or designing an implementation strategy. Policy analysis takes place before program implementation or as part of a policy redesign. When conducting policy analysis it is important to understand what level of policy is being designed and implemented. In general, there are three levesl of policy:
|Levels of policy|
Learn more about the different policies in the following.